New varieties of plants which produce improved yields, higher quality or provide better resistance to plant pests and diseases are a key element and a most cost-effective factor in increasing productivity and product quality in agriculture, horticulture and forestry, whilst minimizing the pressure on the natural environment. Many other modern technologies of plant production need to be combined with high-performing varieties in order to deploy their full potential. The tremendous progress in agricultural productivity in various parts of the world is largely based on improved varieties.
The process of plant breeding is long and expensive; however, it can be very quick and easy to reproduce a variety. Clearly, few breeders would spend many years of their life, making substantial economic investment, in developing a new variety if there was no means of being recompensed for this commitment. Hence, sustained breeding efforts are only possible if there is a chance to reward investment. It is, therefore, important to provide an effective system of plant variety protection, with the aim of encouraging the development of new varieties of plants, for the benefit of society.
India's Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Act of 2001 is the most far-reaching legislation with regard to establishing rights for farmers to save, use, exchange and sell farm-saved seed.
The 2001 Act protect the rights of farmers to save, use, exchange and sell farm-saved seed, it also seeks to ensure that these seeds are of good quality, or at least that farmers are adequately informed about the quality of seed they buy. In addition, it safeguards innocent infringement by farmers. Farmers who unknowingly violate the rights of a breeder are not to be punished if they can prove that they were not aware of the existence of such a breeder's right.
A unique aspect of the 2001 Act is that it confers three concurrent rights - to breeders, to farmers and to researchers. When it comes to Farmers' Rights, the Act recognizes the farmer as cultivator, conserver and breeder.
The breeder's right is granted for a period of not less than 20 years from the date of grant or, in the case of trees and vines, for not less than 25 years.
Our services in the Plant Variety Protection include as follows :
Making a basic research about the viability.
Searching of the records.
Preparing and filing Multi-layered application.
Obtaining grant / necessary Permission from the Authority.